Each storm and anticyclone has a name and gender and is based on the calendar; female for even years, male for odd. More surprisingly, in Europe, the names are given by individuals who get paid for it.
The names are given by the Institute of Meteorology of Berlin, from the proposals of people and in chronological order. The purse is 199 Euros for a storm and 299 Euros for an anticyclone.
Today, the World Meteorological Organization maintains the lists of Atlantic hurricane names. They have six lists that are reused every six years.
|Names used for Atlantic Tropical Storms|
Tropical cyclones have officially been named since 1945 and are named for a variety of reasons, which include facilitating communications between forecasters and the public when forecasts, watches, and warnings are issued. Names also reduce confusion about what storm is being described, as more than one can occur in the same region at the same time
The official practice of naming tropical cyclones started in 1945 within the Western Pacific and was gradually extended out until 2004, when the Indian Meteorological Department started to name cyclonic storms within the North Indian Ocean. Names were first given to storms by Australian meteorologist Clement Wragge in 1887
Before the official practice of naming of tropical cyclones began, significant tropical cyclones were named after politicians, mythological creatures, saints and place names. Names are drawn in order from predetermined lists (see Lists of tropical cyclone names) and are usually assigned to tropical cyclones with one, three, or ten-minute sustained wind speeds of more than 65 km/h (40 mph) depending on which area it originates. However, standards vary from basin to basin with some tropical depressions named in the Western Pacific, while within the Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclones have to have a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the center before they are named.
- Source 1: Wikipedia
- Source 2: Web searches