Updated: 8:29 PM UTC, Jul 16, 2017

How Are Storms, Cyclone And Anticyclones Named

Each storm and anticyclone has a name and gender and is based on the calendar; female for even years, male for odd. More surprisingly, in Europe, the names are given by individuals who get paid for it.

The names are given by the Institute of Meteorology of Berlin, from the proposals of people and in chronological order. The purse is 199 Euros for a storm and 299 Euros for an anticyclone.

Today, the World Meteorological Organization maintains the lists of Atlantic hurricane names. They have six lists that are reused every six years.

Recent and Future Tropical Storms Names:
In the Atlantic Ocean, tropical storms, which reach a sustained wind speed of 39 miles per hour, are given a name, such as "Tropical Storm Fran". If the storm reaches a sustained wind speed of 74 miles per hour it is called a hurricane - such as "Hurricane Fran". Hurricanes are not given names, tropical storms are given names, and they retain their name if and only if they develop into a hurricane. The names used for recent and future Atlantic storms are listed in the table below.
Names used for Atlantic Tropical Storms
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alberto Andrea Arthur Ana Alex Arlene
Beryl Barry Bertha Bill Bonnie Bret
Chris Chantal Cristobal Claudette Colin Cindy
Debby Dorian Dolly Danny Danielle Don
Ernesto Erin Edouard Erika Earl Emily
Florence Fernand Fay Fred Fiona Franklin
Gordon Gabrielle Gonzalo Grace Gaston Gert
Helene Humberto Hanna Henri Hermine Harvey
Isaac Ingrid Isaias Ida Ian Irma
Joyce Jerry Josephine Joaquin Julia Jose
Kirk Karen Kyle Kate Karl Katia
Leslie Lorenzo Laura Larry Lisa Lee
Michael Melissa Marco Mindy Matthew Maria
Nadine Nestor Nana Nicholas Nicole Nate
Oscar Olga Omar Odette Otto Ophelia
Patty Pablo Paulette Peter Paula Philippe
Rafael Rebekah Rene Rose Richard Rina
Sandy Sebastien Sally Sam Shary Sean
Tony Tanya Teddy Teresa Tobias Tammy
Valerie Van Vicky Victor Virginie Vince
William Wendy Wilfred Wanda Walter Whitney

Tropical cyclones have officially been named since 1945 and are named for a variety of reasons, which include facilitating communications between forecasters and the public when forecasts, watches, and warnings are issued. Names also reduce confusion about what storm is being described, as more than one can occur in the same region at the same time

The official practice of naming tropical cyclones started in 1945 within the Western Pacific and was gradually extended out until 2004, when the Indian Meteorological Department started to name cyclonic storms within the North Indian Ocean. Names were first given to storms by Australian meteorologist Clement Wragge in 1887

Before the official practice of naming of tropical cyclones began, significant tropical cyclones were named after politicians, mythological creatures, saints and place names. Names are drawn in order from predetermined lists (see Lists of tropical cyclone names) and are usually assigned to tropical cyclones with one, three, or ten-minute sustained wind speeds of more than 65 km/h (40 mph) depending on which area it originates. However, standards vary from basin to basin with some tropical depressions named in the Western Pacific, while within the Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclones have to have a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the center before they are named.

Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004
  • Source 1: Wikipedia
  • Source 2: Web searches

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