Contrary to public opinion, an airline pilot can indeed have less than perfect vision. In fact, during the initial examination a candidate need only have 10/10 vision in each eye but can wear glasses or contact lenses during the test. The only restriction is that of the strength of the lenses.
"Dewey Defeats Truman" was a famous banner headline on the front page of the Chicago Tribune on November 3, 1948. This happened the day after incumbent president Harry S. Truman won an upset victory over Republican challenger and Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey in the 1948 presidential election.
The state of Alaska, which boasts the largest American reserve of hydrocarbons, was bought by the US from Russia in October of 1867 for 7.2 million dollars. The month of October that year only lasted three weeks, due to the switch from the Russian Julian calendar to the American Gregorian calendar (passing from October 7 - 18).
The two color rule was initiated in July 1986, stating that one side of the racket rubber must be red and the other side black. This measure was introduced because of the increased use of "combination" rackets, notably during a European championship game when the winner had used a racket whose sides were both red.
The sports brands Adidas and Pumas were created by two brothers, Adolf and Rudolf Dassler, co-owners of a shoe factory. Following a disagreement in 1948 they founded their respective enterprises: Adolf with Adidas (Adi was his nickname and Das for Dassler) and Puma for Rudolf.
At the beginning of the song Roxanne by The Police, one can hear an atonal piano chord and laughter (reportedly that of the singer Sting). These sounds were totally accidental - during the recording session Sting thought the keyboard cover was closed and sat down on it, resulting in that dissonant chord and ensuing laughter.