We can thank the Chaldeans, a people from Babylon, for providing us with the names of the days of the week. Four thousand years ago they noticed seven stars in the sky and chose their names to represent the days of the week:
- Monday - Moon's day - Latin dies lunae "day of the moon"
- Tuesday - Tiu's day - Middle English tiwesday or tewesday - Latin dies Martis "day of Mars"
- Wednesday - Woden's day - Old English wodnesdæg "Woden's day" - Latin dies Mercurii "day of Mercury"
- Thursday - Thor's day - Thor is the Norse god of thunder - Old English thunresdæg "thunder's day"- Latin dies Jovis "day of Jupiter"
- Friday - Freya's day - Freya (Fria) is the Teutonic goddess of love - Latin dies Veneris "Venus's day"
- Saturday - Saturn's day - Latin dies Saturni "day of Saturn"
- Sunday - Sun's day - Latin dies solis "day of the sun"
Italian cameo bracelet representing the days of the week, corresponding to the planets as Roman gods: Diana as the Moon for Monday, Mars for Tuesday, Mercury for Wednesday, Jupiter for Thursday, Venus for Friday, Saturn for Saturday, and Apollo as the Sun for Sunday. Middle 19th century, Walters Art Museum
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